C’est + adjective is only used to describe a thing, never a person. A simple explanation of "C'est, ce sont = this is, these are (demonstrative pronouns)". And that’s why it’s so complicated! How are your pies?W: Ce sont des tartes faites maison (c’est + noun). + nounÊtre en train de + verb = to be in the process of doing, to be doing, C’est son jouet préféré.It’s his favorite toy.C’est + (adjective that comes before the noun) + noun. C’est un bon musicien (c’est + noun). This rule is not easy for English speakers: it’s already hard enough to refer to a thing by him or her, it is even harder to use “c’est” + a person: it sounds in English like you are saying ‘it’s’ + person… very very bad…. English Translation of “c’est ça” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. 5 – C’est Versus Il est = You Cannot Rely on Translating! This construction is also used to make comments about something as a category: You are talking about the Mediterranée: you could say. Check out this video on YouTube (merci Mark S. for the suggestion!). All these variations have the same meaning. The use of “c’est + adj masculine singular” is getting increasingly popular in France: we use it all the time! C’est un chien. Elle est violette. Voici Festnoz – c’est le chien de la grand-mère d’Olivier. Cognate with Icelandic á… C'est pas trop tôt ! Grammar decides which construction you need to use! That’s what’s tricky in French. Do not lose yourself in the literal translation, it’s not worth it. C’est un teckel à poils durs (wire hair dachshund). Mais la mer des Iles grecques, elle est particulièrement belle (il est + adj).The sea is blue. She is a friend. Are they expensive?W: Non, elles ne sont pas chères (il est + adj). I feel your pain… This is incredibly complicated… I really wish I could make it all simpler, but I can’t… This is why when to us “il est” versus “c’est” is one of the most difficult things to develop a sense for in French. As indicated, the liaison is compulsory in what follows: Il est évident is pronounced: il est.T.évident (it’s obvious) C’est amusant is It has been around the world and back as a mainstay in dozens of cultures. Based on my students' goals and needs, I've created unique downloadable French audiobooks focussing on French like it's spoken today, for all levels. From Middle English este, from Old English ēst (“will, consent, favour, grace, liberality, munificence, bounty, kindness, love, good pleasure, harmony, liberal gifts, luxuries”), from Proto-Germanic *anstiz (“favour, affection”), from Proto-Indo-European *ān- (“to notice; face, mouth”). Est-ce que vous pensez qu’il est mignon ? The construction demands a masculine singular adjective! Most of my audiobooks are recorded at several speeds to help you conquer the modern French language. They are very tall. Enchaînement is the phenomenon whereby the consonant sound at the end of a word is transferred to the beginning of the word that follows it. So what should you do when you have a sentence with one of these adjectives? C'est la vie is a very old, very common French idiomatic saying, which means "That's life," and "Such is life." Experience how different and efficient our method is. Includes dialog, study guide and full transcript + translations. I've always thought it was say, but my French teacher tends to say set? It is a dog. il vient _de_ Londres he comes _from_ London c'est mon ami _de_ York he's my friend _from_ York il a sauté _de_ la fenêtre he jumped _from_ the window Use to show possession or belonging In this case, of is sometimes a possible translation, although the most usual equivalent in English is to use a possessive form with 's or, particularly with a common combination of inanimates, with a compound: This simplified chart will help with French pronunciation, which can be difficult due to intricacies like silent letters and endless exceptions to rules. Il est généralement calme et obéissant. If you have an article, it’s going to be followed by a noun. Elles sont très grandes. Ils sont américains. To describe a thing, you could use both a “il est” or “c’est” construction: To make a live comment, react to something, share your experience, we use the construction “c’est + adjective masculine singular”. They can mean "this is," "that is," "it is," "they are," and even "he/she is." 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