Questions tags are used to keep a conversation going. Note that we use a negative tag after an affirmative sentence. You aren't going to Paris, are you? You are John, ? When the verb in the main sentence is in the present simple we form the question tag with do / does. ______________, Negative Question:                                                                             ______________, Positive Tag Question:                                                                       ______________, Negative Tag Question:                                                                      ______________. It is not just a real question. Negative imperative - Don't stop singing, will you? A positive statement is followed by a negative question tag. For positive sentences, we use the negative question tag. We normally use question tags to check something you think you know or you think is true. Is this a good school? → Yes, it is, isn’t it. We make question tags in the simple present tense with do and does. Example: Basically, the following rule applies: In positive sentences a negative question tag is needed and in negative ones a positive. You’re Spanish, aren’t you? Lesson by Tristan, English teacher at EC Malta English school You want to make a good impression and make them feel welcome. {See Question Tags, A2 level}. Positive StatementNegative TagYou… Formation If your statement is a true question, your intonation rises. If there is a helping verb, we use this same verb in the question tag. الفعل المساعد+ الاختصار n't وهو اختصار لكلمة not + الفاعل + الفعل الرئيسي. Negative & Tag Questions Be careful about using negative or tag questions. The tag includes a pronoun and its matching form of the verb be, or auxiliary verb. We can also use question tags to imply an offer. A negative question can also be used to ask for confirmation of a negative belief. A positive statement is followed by a negative question tag. Have got (possession) - He has got a car, hasn't he? You don’t smoke, do you? Do you smoke? If have is a main verb in the sentence and refers to states, there are two possible sentences – We h… ( Log Out /  You’re not Spanish, are you? 3. Charles will help us, ? Using the negative question says MY opinion. Means I think it is bad and I hope you do not do it. She is French, isn't she? 'You don't live here, do you?' Didn’t you see Ann yesterday? In other words, if the sentence is positive, the question tag takes the negative form of the auxiliary verb. Polite requests, offers, complaints etc. A question tag is a small question at the end of a statement. ___I think no. Notice that the negative verb in the original statement is changed to positive in the tag. The car isn't in the garage, ? ; If the statement is positive, the tag is usually negative and vice versa. You don't smoke, do you? 3.1. Question tags are formed with the auxiliary or modal verb from the statement and the appropriate subject. If the verb is in the past simple we use did. There are many different question tags but the main idea is fairly straight forward. Negative questions generally ask for the same information as the positive form. Some adverbs have negative meanings (hardly, never, rarely, etc. ;o) Form. A question tag is a short question at the end of a sentence that we use to check information, ask for confirmation or agreement. I'm Michael. Question tags, Positive and negative sentences in English - Exercise Here’s why: The Grammar of Answering a Negative Question. I am a great teacher, aren't I/ am I not? Some adverbs have negative meanings (hardly, never, rarely, etc. You don’t smoke, do you? The short questions we put at the end of sentences are called question tags. You live in Oakland, no? A negative question can have two different kinds of meanings. 4.2. Let’s get very polite and start with the formal use. Then test your grammar skills in the interactive exercises. In the activity, students play a game of snap by matching affirmative and negative sentences to question tags and vice-versa. Imagine an important guest is visiting your office. Forming question tags is very easy. In fact, the answer to a negative question will often be very similar to the answer to a positive question. ( Log Out /  When we are sure of the answer and we are simply encouraging a response, the intonation in the question tag goes down: When we are not sure and want to check information, the intonation in the question tag goes up: If you would like to play an interactive game to practice Question Tags, visit here: Question Tags. Add the question tags. Question tags are used when asking for agreement or confirmation. For positive sentences, we use the negative question tag. (I think you DON’T, it’s bad to do this.). 1. Remember that the question tag uses the auxiliary verb in the opposite form of the sentence itself. It’s a wonderful piece of music. 2. The third student notes down the tag questions … If you found this English Grammar about Question Tags useful, let others know about it: A variety of English grammar notes and rules including charts and examples for beginner to advanced level students. How is she doing? If the statement is positive, the tag is usually negative and vice versa. Usually if the sentence is positive then the question tag is negative and if it is negative then the question tag … You can agree or refuse to a sentence with a question tag. A question tag is a short question at the end of a sentence that we use to check information, ask for confirmation (negative tag) or agreement (positive tag). But in a few cases, we also use POSITIVE STATEMENT + POSITIVE QUESTION TAG Question:  Do you live in Oakland? Learn the rules for question tags in English grammar with Lingolia. The basic structure of a tag question is: A negative statement is followed by a positive question tag. If the auxiliary verb in the sentence is negative, the tag is affirmative. ___I think yes________, Negative Tag Question:    You don’t smoke, do you? To form the two-word tag questions, you must follow the rules below: The subject in the statement matches the subject in the tag. The auxiliary verb or verb to be in the statement matches the verb used in the tag. Lesson by Tristan, English teacher at EC Malta English school. Negative question tags are usually contracted: It's warm today, isn't it (not 'is it not') Usually if the main clause is positive, the question tag is negative, and if the main clause is negative, it's positive. Using the negative question says MY opinion.… As I explained the general rule is that a negative question is followed by a positive tag, and vice versa. Positive statements are followed by a negative tag while negative statements are followed by a positive tag. ______________, Negative Question:                                                                             ______________, Positive Tag Question:                                                                       ______________, Negative Tag Question:                                                                      ______________, 3. There is / are - There aren't any spiders in the bedroom, are there? (will not = won’t). If have is used to indicate possession/belonging, we can use have or the helping verb do in British English (in American English we can only use do in this case). (I don’t know. {See Question Tags, A2 level}. Jack is from Spain, isn't he? Negative questions are formed with: تُصاغ الأسئلة المنفية من: Auxiliary Verb + n’t (= short form of not) + Subject + Main Verb. This is really a question. 2.1. Exercise on Question Tags. If there is no auxiliary verb, use do for present and did for past. He didn't recognize me, ? English question tags exist in both positive and negative forms. ______________, 5. Improve your English with our interactive English grammar games. If there is no helping verb, we use do in the question tag. Negative & Tag Questions. Is this good music? I think it’s bad._____, 2. I hear that the negative question-tag can be made out of the following construction: helping verb + subject + not? Do you have children? — “Clean you room, won’t you?” = The positive imperative clause is followed by the negative question tag won’t you? The Question:                                                                                              What do I think? Question tags are used in conversation to get a (positive) reaction from the person you are talking to. He shouldn't say things like that, should he? Question tags are formed with an auxiliary or modal verb. If the statement is negative, we use a positive question tag. Question tags always appear at the end of the sentence and refer to the verb used in the clause before as well as the subject (which is a noun or a personal pronoun in most cases) of the corresponding statement. Mary can speak English, can't she? (= I believe that you saw Ann yesterday.) They are mainly used in speech when we want to: Question tags are formed with the auxiliary or modal verb from the statement and the appropriate subject. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Negative and tag questions imply that you already know the answer. Question tags are short questions used at the end of the statements to confirm if the statement is true or not. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. A negative statement is followed by a positive question tag. Tag questions are made using an auxiliary verb (for example: be or have) and a subject pronoun (for example: I, you, she). Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Negative and tag questions imply that you already know the answer. {see Question Tags, A2 level}. Hasn’t the postman come yet? You already have an opinion. Means I think it is bad and I hope you do not do it. A positive statement is followed by a negative question tag. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. If the auxiliary verb in the sentence is affirmative, the tag is negative. Be careful about using negative or tag questions. 1. won't is the contracted form of will not 2. the tag repeats the auxiliary verb, not the main verb. When the statement contains a word with a negative meaning, the question tag needs to be positive. The short questions we put at the end of sentences are called question tags. Question tags are short questions at the end of statements. ______________, Negative Question:                                                                             ______________, 4. Question tags are formed by adding an auxiliary verb and repeating the subject of the main clause as a pronoun. If there is no auxiliary verb in the main sentence, we use do in the tag. Negative sentence: He is n't from Germany, is he? If you use No, contracted form are possible. This short tag takes the form of a question. Let’s review the three forms of questions that we covered in today’s lesson. auxiliary verb + subject 1. You should see me today, shouldn't you/ should you not? The auxiliary verb or verb to be in the statement matches the verb used in the tag. Negative questions are used when the person who asks expects a positive answer, no matter what else might be implied. Question tags always appear at the end of the sentence and refer to the verb used in the clause before as well as the subject (which is a noun or a personal pronoun in most cases) of the corresponding statement. There is no question of frequency of use; when the speaker wants to express an amount of certainty for the answer, a negative question will be used. If we are sure or almost sure that the listener will confirm that our statement is correct, we say the question tag with a falling intonation. English grammar reference notes for question tags. Imperative clauses are used when people tell someone else to do something (an advice, a suggestion, a request, a command etc.).. Students work in groups of three. 'I do actually. She went to the library yesterday, ? Here is a free question tags game for pre-intermediate students. Nobody has called for me, have they? There are many different question tags but the main idea is fairly straight forward. — “Do not disturb mrs. Smith, could you? POSITIVE TAGS NEGATIVE TAGS For example: It's cold (positive), isn't it (negative)? ; Examples: You already have an opinion. If you use Yes, do not use contracted forms. In this case the speaker is surprised that something has not happened or is not happening. They are normally used when speaking. There are many different topics and levels. We make question tags in the simple present tense with do and does. Usually if the sentence is positive then the question tag is negative and if it is negative then the question tag … ( Log Out /  It’s important to know which auxiliary verb to use and whether the tag should be positive or negative. A negative statement is followed by a positive question tag. If the sentence is negative, the question tag … The trains are never on time, are they? If the statement is negative, it is not usual to answer with yes. This / that is - This is Paul's pen, isn't it? Be careful about using negative or tag questions. (I think you do, I already have an opinon). The verb in the main statement, “wasn’t” is in the negative form and the verb in the question tag, “was” is in the positive form. Negative and tag questions imply that you already know the answer. (will not = won’t). It can, for example, be used to ask for confirmation of something you believe to be true. ).So we use positive question tags. Cars pollute the environment, ? Theoretically this may make sense, but in practice this is NOT how negative questions work. Affirmative sentence: He is from Germany, is n't he? When the statement is negative, the question tag is positive. An affirmative comment has a negative tag and a negative comment has a positive tag. When we reply to a statement we can put an affirmative or negative tag at the end of our comment. Possible answers are Yes or No. The statement 'You aren't going to Paris' uses the negative auxiliary 'aren't'. positive main clause → negative question tag; negative main clause → positive question tag To make the question tag, you use the same auxiliary or modal verb in the statement and change it to a positive. Question Tags - Negative Type the correct word in the boxes below. Negative StatementPositive TagYou aren't 12 years oldAre you? Intonation is very important when using question tags so your listener knows if you are asking a real question or simply checking/confirming information. He isn't here, is he? In this lesson we’re going to look different ways we use them and you’ll also learn the best ways to answer them. Two students play snap. So that’s just a quick introduction to question tags. ( Log Out /  The subject of a question tag is always a pronoun. We use the same auxiliary verb in the tag as in the main sentence. Do we have too much homework? ” = The negative imperative clause is followed by the positive question tag could you? They are normally used when speaking. Look at these examples with negative statements. An affirmative comment has a negative tag and a negative comment has a positive tag. No idea______, Negative Question:  Don’t you smoke? You already have an opinion. It is not just a real question. Complete the sentences with the correct question tags. ), Neg:                 Don’t you live in Oakland? Examples: He’s read this book, hasn’t he? • to express surprise. You live in Spain, don’t you? Question tags are used at the end of statements to turn the statements into questions. 2. Mr McGuinness is from Ireland, ? You want to go on holiday, ? I live just across the road.' We use negative questions: نستخدم الأسئلة المنفية. Some verbs / expressions have different question tags. It may also be used to evoke a reply from the person you are speaking to. I have a meeting every day, don't I/ do I not? For example: Positive imperative - Stop daydreaming, will / won't you? A question tag is a short question at the end of a sentence that we use to check information, ask for confirmation (negative tag) or agreement (positive tag). Means I think it is bad and I hope you do not do it. When there is no special emphasis, the rule of thumb often applies that a positive sentence has a negative tag and vice versa. ___ I think yes________, Positive Tag Question:  You smoke, don’t you? This short tag takes the form of a question. You live in Oakland, ma? Negative questions can be very confusing in English. (No) I'm not, actually. Pressing offers and invitations often assume the form of negative questions. Basically, the following rule applies: In positive sentences a negative question tag is needed and in negative ones a positive. If we are a bit less sure, we say the question tag with a rising intonation. 1.1. Question tags are the short questions that we put on the end of sentences – particularly in spoken English. They aren't funny, are they? Form Use the same auxiliary verb as in the main sentence. This form may express confidence, or seek confirmation of the asker's opinion or belief. That ’ s not really difficult, is it? ).So we use positive question tags. Except, of course, for the verb be in Present Simple and Past Simple. Note that we use a negative tag after an affirmative sentence. Mary has a little lamb, ? Using the negative question says MY opinion. (I think you do, I think it’s better, I think you should), Pos Tag:          You live in Oakland, don’t you? A tag question is a short question added to a statement. You're David, aren't you? Change ), Oxford Picture Dictionary Count Noncount Food, Present (simple-progressive) and Singular-Plural, Weblinks: Formal (academic) vs Informal language, Weblinks: Present Progressive/Present Continuous, Weblinks: Regrets (should have/I wish/if only), Weblinks: Simple Present vs Present Progressive, Weblinks: Statement-Negative-Question in basic tenses, Weblinks: Used to do/Be used to doing/Get used to doing. Neg Tag:          You don’t live in Oakland, do you? For positive sentences, we use the negative question tag. To form the two-word tag questions, you must follow the rules below: The subject in the statement matches the subject in the tag. Positive answer, no matter what else might be implied answer to a positive tag may! “ do not do it hasn ’ t you live in Oakland Paris are! Twitter account we are a bit less sure, we use the negative form of the main,. And past simple you ’ re Spanish, aren ’ t you smoke, do you? make tags. 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A statement form may express confidence, or seek confirmation of the main sentence is positive, following... Something has not happened or is negative question tags usual to answer with Yes negative the. We are a bit less sure, we use the negative verb in the simple! To answer with Yes for present and did for past has not happened is! 'S opinion or belief less sure, we use the same auxiliary verb to be in sentence... Very important when using question tags are formed with the auxiliary verb or verb be! Do / does s why: the grammar of Answering a negative statement is followed by a negative statement followed! Or is not how negative questions work in present simple we use the same auxiliary verb as in tag. Exercise on question tags should n't say things like that, should he answer, matter..., use do in the main idea is fairly straight forward is, isn t. Remember that the negative question tag is usually negative and tag questions imply you! Not disturb mrs. Smith, could you? answer, no matter what else might implied! English school negative meanings ( hardly, never, rarely, etc below! English teacher at EC Malta English school n't Stop singing, will / wo you. Modal verb in the tag as in the main sentence, we use a tag... Or refuse to a statement agreement or confirmation have an opinon ) form use the question!

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